May cause damage to mucous membranes in nose, throat, lungs and bronchial system. For a 15-minute exposure, the concentration in the atmosphere should not exceed 8 … Chicago, IL 60654 Not intended for human or animal diagnostic or Hydrochloric acid is corrosive to eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Thicker (10-20 mil) PVC or neoprene gloves provide better resistance but do not provide the necessary dexterity for many lab procedures. Other hazards which do not result in classification Other hazards not contributing to the classification : None. Hydroxides, amines, alkalis, copper, brass, zinc [Note: Hydrochloric acid is highly corrosive to most metals.] Acute oral exposure may cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus and stomach. Physical: No information available. Depending on the concentration of the hydrochloric acid you are working with, accidental exposure can occur as skin contact, eye contact, ingestion or inhalation of acidic vapors. Hydrochloric Acid, 6.0N (6.0M) Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. It is soluble in benzene, alcohol, and ether; it is insoluble in hydrocarbons, and incompatible or reactive with metals, hydroxides, amines, and alkalis. Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Hydrochloric acid 0.1M Revision Date 15-Feb-2019 Component LD50 Oral LD50 Dermal LC50 Inhalation Hydrochloric acid 238 - 277 mg/kg ( Rat ) > 5010 mg/kg ( Rabbit ) 1.68 mg/L ( Rat ) 1 h Hydrochloric Acid, 37% w/w (7647-01-0) Persistence and degradability Biodegradability: not applicable. It is classified as strongly acidic and can attack the skin over a wide composition range, since the hydrogen chloride completely dissociates in an aqueous solution. Industrial exposure to hydrochloric acid vapors and mists is listed as a … Keep container tightly closed and store in a safe place. Contact to skin produces severe burns, ulceration, and scarring. Each of these types of exposure can pose serious hazards to your health and should be managed immediately. Hydrochloric Acid . Eye Contact – If hydrochloric acid or acidic mists get into your eyes, immediately flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Hydrochloric Acid, 37% w/w (7647-01-0) EC50 Daphnia 1 < 56 mg/l (72 h, Daphnia magna, Pure substance) 12.2. Concentrated hydrochloric acid, known as fuming hydrochloric acid, will form acidic mist. 586 Argus Road Inhalation – If you inhale hydrochloric acid vapors or mists, seek fresh air and medical attention immediately. VelocityEHS®, MSDSonline® and Humantech® are proprietary trademarks of VelocityEHS. In more extreme cases of inhalation, it can result in circulatory failure, pulmonary edema or death. You may be exposed to hydrochloric acid by drinking it, or by skin or eye contact with it. Hydrochloric acid also applies to Hydrogen chloride gas Substance Hazard Comment Hydrogen chloride . Oakville, ON L6J 3J3 Exposure via oral consumption can cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus, and stomach, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Safety is of utmost importance when handling dangerous chemicals like hydrochloric acid. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES Personal protection Avoid inhalation of vapours and spray mist and contact with skin and eyes. Seek immediate medical attention. Seek immediate medical attention. Hydrochloric acid is rated and regulated as a toxic substance. Gloves: Thin disposable gloves (such as 4, 6, or 8 mil blue nitrile gloves) used in laboratory operations provide a contact barrier only and should be disposed immediately when contamination is suspected. Ann Arbor, MI 48108 Acid resistant apron 4. Chronic long-term occupational exposure to hydrochloric acid has been reported to cause gast… When inhaled, hydrochloric acid causes irritation, coughing and choking 1. It is toxic if breathed in. © Copyright 2019 VelocityEHS. These hydrochloric acid safety tips can help you handle this toxic substance safely and appropriately, whether you encounter it at home or in the workplace. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 10/31/2017 EN (English US) 2/8 2.3. Hydrochloric acid. (It is usually recommended that you first dilute the cleaner to reduce its concentration.) Hydrochloric acid is a colourless and odourless solution of hydrogen chloride and water; with chemical formula HCl. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH). Gas : CORROSIVE TOXIC. 320331 - Hydrochloric acid EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND. Skin Contact – If hydrochloric acid comes into contact with your skin, flush immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, and remove any contaminated clothing. This site requires Javascript to be enabled for full functionality. You should also review all Hydrochloric Acid MSDS information before making contact. Closed toe shoes 6. Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Hydrogen chloride/ hydrochloric acid Page 3 of 4 General Information be exposed to hydrogen chloride by breathing it. Hydrochloric Acid Hazards and Risks. Long pants and sleeves 5. Molecular Weight 36.46 . Be aware of the dangers of hydrochloric acid when handling. EH&S Blog Chemical Spotlight Hydrochloric Acid Hazards & Safety Tips, 222 Merchandise Mart Plaza Toll free: 1.866.919.7922. Cesium acetylene carbide burns in hydrogen chloride gas. Learn more about Hydrochloric Safety from the MSDS Experts. This mist and the solution both have a corrosive effect on human tissue, with the potential to damage respiratory organs, eyes, skin, and intestines irreversibly. The use of personal protective equipment is essential. Hydrochloric acid is a clear, poisonous, highly corrosive caustic chemical which immediately causes severe damage to tissues, such as burning, on contact. Hydrochloric acid (conc. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1098214 . The HCl in the atmosphere may be a much bigger driver of pollution and damage to the environment than previously thought, effecting water and land ecosystems alike. It is a highly corrosive, strong mineral acid with many industrial uses Acute short-term exposure to inhalation of vapors may cause irritation and inflammation of the eyes, nose, respiratory tract and pulmonary edema in humans. Hydrochloric acid (25% - 38%) Name STD TWA - 8 Hrs STEL - 15 Min Notes Hydrochloric acid (25% - 38%) WEL 1 ppm 2 mg/m3 5 ppm 8 mg/m3 WEL = Workplace Exposure Limit. For educational use only. It is used in the production of chlorides, fertilizers, and dyes, in electroplating, and in the photographic, textile, and rubber industries. What is the molarity or molar concentration of Product No. H1758, Hydrochloric acid? Hydrochloric acid sounds like a scary substance and, in fact, it can be. 77, No. The molar mass being 36.46 g/mol, compound has a density of 1.18 g/cm3. It causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Unknown acute toxicity (GHS US) Not applicable 34403 Hydrochloric Acid 32 - 36% Revision date: 2011.01.06 Protective measures in fire Wear self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) to prevent contact with thermal decomposition products. The acid itself is corrosive, and concentrated forms release acidic mists that are also dangerous. SARA 311/312Hazards No SARA Hazards. Cleaning and Converting Rusty Nails with Ranex Rustbuster. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. Approximately 20 million tons of hydrochloric acid are produced globally each year, and you can even find it in your own home! It is recommended that you wear the following protective equipment when using hydrochloric acid of any concentration: If using hydrochloric acid at your workplace, it is highly recommended you have access to an eye-flush station in case of accidental exposure. Suite 1750 The use of personal protective equipment is essential. sequelae following ingestion of hydrochloric acid include perforation, scarring of the oesophagus or stomach and stricture formation causing dysphagia or gastric outlet obstruction. Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) HCl . Contact with metals produces hydrogen gas, which creates the chance of an explosion. Reacts with most metals to produce flammable Hydrogen gas. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates hydrochloric acid as a toxic substance, and it should be treated as such. Seek immediate medical attention. All rights reserved. Based on an approximate density of 1.2 g/ml and a percentage range of 36.5 - 38.0%, concentrated HCl is in the range 11.6-12.0 M (which is also 11.6-12.0 Normal, for this monoprotic acid). If the acid or mist come into contact with the skin, eyes, or internal organs, the damage can be irreversible or even fatal in severe cases. Hydrochloric acid's fumes have an acid, penetrating odour. Produced as early as the 16th century, hydrochloric acid was historically known as “spirits of salt” and is sometimes called muriatic acid. Hydrochloric acid is … Cesium carbide ignites in contact with hydrochloric acid unless acid is dilute. Other: No information available. Hydrochloric acid fumes are very corrosive and may lead to lung damage 1. Safety is of utmost importance when handling dangerous chemicals like hydrochloric acid. Exposure through inhalation can cause coughing, hoarseness, inflammation and ulceration of the respiratory tract, chest pain, and pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs). Short Term 15 mg/m3 Inhalation. It produces poisonous gas, including chlorine, in a fire. In addition dermal contact can cause severe burns, ulceration and scarring in humans. hydrochloric acid produces spontaneously flammable gas. Toll free: 1.800.807.0783, Canada Fire fighters to wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus if risk of exposure to produ ct or toxic fumes.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Clear … In some cases, RADS may develop. 1161 Oak Valley Dr. Ingestion: Corrosive. It can cause damage, such as chemical burns, upon contact, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. It is a solution of hydrogen chloride and water, and a variety of other chemical species, including hydron 37% or greater) 7647-01-0: 37.00 %: 15000 pounds: toxic: Hydrogen chloride (anhydrous) 7647-01-0: 1.00 %: 5000 pounds: toxic: ACG: 500 pounds: WME It can be purchased in any hardware store without being warned about the dangers of this chemical. Hydrochloric acid has a distinctive pungent smell. However, you may be surprised to learn that hydrochloric acid is a common liquid used in several industries around the world. Hydrochloric acid is one of the most corrosive of the non-oxidising acids in contact with copper alloys, and is handled in dilute solutions. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER Product Name: HYDROCHLORIC ACID - 20% OR GREATER Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use: Precursor for generation of chlorine dioxide gas used in water treatment. It is important to wear personal protective equipment such as acid-proof gloves, protective eye goggles, chemical-resistant clothing and shoes so as to minimise risk of harm. Hydrochloric acid will decompose on heating into hydrogen and chl orine gas. Upon transport through the soil, hydrochloric acid will dissolve some of the soil materials (especially those with carbonate bases) and the acid will neutralize to some degree. It also causes nose, throat and respiratory inflammation. Revision date: 17/12/2019 Revision: 5 Supersedes date: 20/10/2017 HYDROCHLORIC ACID 2M 2.3. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates hydrochlori… It is used for a variety of purposes and is available at concentrations from 10 to 34 percent depending on its application. : 7647-01-0 1.2 Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against It is used to regulate water pH in pools. The acid itself is corrosive, and concentrated forms release acidic mists that are also dangerous. In case of serious skin contact, use water, a disinfectant soap, and anti-bacterial cream. May be harmful if swallowed (H303). Toll free: 1.888.362.2007, VelocityEHS | Humantech Hydrochloric acid is used for: Hydrochloric acid is a hazardous liquid which must be used with care. Respiratory symptoms may take up to 36 hours to develop.Symptoms of burning sensation, cough, wheezing, Unlimited SDS Searches, 5 FREE Downloads, No Credit Card, COVID-19 Workplace Standards Update: State OSHA Agencies Continue Development of Regulations to Protect Workers, OSHA Is Issuing Large Fines to Companies for COVID-19 Related Violations, VelocityEHS Offers HazCom & Chemical Safety Support for Emergency Responders, Businesses and Others Affected by Hurricane Delta, Producing organic compounds (for PVC, activated carbon, ascorbic acid, and pharmaceuticals). The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that hydrochloric acid can cause eye damage, even blindness, if splashed in the eyes. It is still important to wear protective clothing when using diluted acid, to ensure that it doesn’t come into contact with your skin, eyes, or mouth. Safety Data Sheet 1. IUPAC names 1 . For more information about hydrochloric acid uses, safety, or disposal, search our database of MSDS information. Hydrochloric acid in the Environment: Hydrochloric acid is released in to the atmosphere, mainly through coal burning. If using hydrochloric acid household cleaners in your home, follow the label directions and safety instructions closely. Hydrochloric acid is the simplest chlorine-based acid system containing water. Suite 300 Contact to skin produces severe burns, ulceration, and scarring. SDS- 0.1 M Hydrochloric Acid Page 8 of 8 SARA 313 Components SARA 313: This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313. Dangers of hydrochloric acid through exposure Exposure via oral consumption can cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus, and stomach, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Keep away from incompatible materials such as oxidizing agents, organic materials, metals and alkalis. ACGIH TLV = 5 ppm (7.59 mg/m 3) TWA NIOSH IDLH = 50 ppm (as HCl, 2010) Exposure Controls: Eye Protection: Tightly fitting safety goggles. 6. Goggles 2. Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion (solution), skin and/or eye contact HYDROCHLORIC ACID CAS NO 7647-01-0 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SDS/MSDS SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking 1.1 Product identifiers Product name : Hydrochloric Acid CAS-No. Persistence and degradability Hydrochloric Acid, 1.0N (1.0M) Persistence and degradability Not established. Hydrochloric acid is a colorless to light yellow water-soluble liquid with a pungent, irritating odor. Ingestion – If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. Occupational Exposure Limits: Regulatory Limits: Component OSHA Final PEL TWA OSHA Final PEL STEL OSHA Final PEL Ceiling Hydrochloric Acid Mixture --- --- 5 ppm 7.59 mg/m 3. Aqueous solutions of hydrochlor… Wear appropriate personal protective equipment - see Section 8. Ingredient Comments Data relates to hydrogen chloride gas EH40/2005 Workplace exposure limits (UK Health and Safety Executive) DNEL Inhalation. Hydrochloric acid is a hazardous liquid which must be used with care. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is used in a variety of industrial processes including: refining ore for the production of tin and tantalum, pickling and cleaning of metal products, electroplating, cleaning boilers, neutralizing chemically basic systems, manufacturing fertilizers, dyes, textiles and rubber, and preparing various food products. The acid … Following exposure to any chemical, the Other hazards This product does not contain any substances classified as PBT or vPvB. To Email: From Email: Message: 320331 Sigma-Aldrich Hydrochloric acid ACS reagent, 37% CAS Number 7647-01-0. This is only one of many applications the acid can be used for. 2.4. Hydrochloric acid is a colourless compressed liquified gas, with pungent odour (NIOSH, 2015). A toxic chlorine gas can also be produced when mixing hydrochloric acid with common oxidising chemicals, such as bleach (sodium hypochlorite). DANGER. Hazard class: Acute toxicity, oral (Category 5). Whether you encounter hydrochloric acid in diluted household cleaners at home or in concentrated forms at your workplace, safety is extremely important when handling this toxic, corrosive liquid. Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula HCl. Hydrochloric acid should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from sources of moisture. 1. Face shield (plastic) 3. If the acid or mist come into contact with the skin, eyes, or internal organs, the damage can be irreversible or even fatal in severe cases. Hydrochloric Acid (Hydrogen Chloride) 7647-01-0 Hazard Summary-Created in April 1992; Revised in January 2000 Hydrochloric acid has many uses. Hydrochloric acid has the ability to corrode metallic surfaces. Message: 320331 Sigma-Aldrich hydrochloric acid is one of many applications the acid itself is corrosive and. You can even find it in your own home, and diarrhoea of the corrosive... Extreme cases of inhalation, it can be of MSDS information usually recommended that you first the..., oral ( Category 5 ) exposed to hydrochloric acid should be treated as such “spirits. Dysphagia or gastric outlet obstruction compound has a density of 1.18 g/cm3 full functionality oxidizing agents, organic materials metals! 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