Hazard class: Acute toxicity, oral (Category 5). It is used for a variety of purposes and is available at concentrations from 10 to 34 percent depending on its application. The acid itself is corrosive, and concentrated forms release acidic mists that are also dangerous. You should also review all Hydrochloric Acid MSDS information before making contact. Contact to skin produces severe burns, ulceration, and scarring. Respiratory symptoms may take up to 36 hours to develop.Symptoms of burning sensation, cough, wheezing, Gas : CORROSIVE TOXIC. Acid resistant apron 4. Face shield (plastic) 3. Exposure through inhalation can cause coughing, hoarseness, inflammation and ulceration of the respiratory tract, chest pain, and pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs). It is recommended that you wear the following protective equipment when using hydrochloric acid of any concentration: If using hydrochloric acid at your workplace, it is highly recommended you have access to an eye-flush station in case of accidental exposure. 2.4. Cesium acetylene carbide burns in hydrogen chloride gas. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is used in a variety of industrial processes including: refining ore for the production of tin and tantalum, pickling and cleaning of metal products, electroplating, cleaning boilers, neutralizing chemically basic systems, manufacturing fertilizers, dyes, textiles and rubber, and preparing various food products. 586 Argus Road It causes severe skin burns and eye damage. To Email: From Email: Message: 320331 Sigma-Aldrich Hydrochloric acid ACS reagent, 37% CAS Number 7647-01-0. HYDROCHLORIC ACID CAS NO 7647-01-0 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SDS/MSDS SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking 1.1 Product identifiers Product name : Hydrochloric Acid CAS-No. This mist and the solution both have a corrosive effect on human tissue, with the potential to damage respiratory organs, eyes, skin, and intestines irreversibly. For more information about hydrochloric acid uses, safety, or disposal, search our database of MSDS information. sequelae following ingestion of hydrochloric acid include perforation, scarring of the oesophagus or stomach and stricture formation causing dysphagia or gastric outlet obstruction. Seek immediate medical attention. 34403 Hydrochloric Acid 32 - 36% Revision date: 2011.01.06 Protective measures in fire Wear self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) to prevent contact with thermal decomposition products. Hydrochloric Acid, 37% w/w (7647-01-0) Persistence and degradability Biodegradability: not applicable. Ingestion – If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. Cleaning and Converting Rusty Nails with Ranex Rustbuster. When inhaled, hydrochloric acid causes irritation, coughing and choking 1. Contact to skin produces severe burns, ulceration, and scarring. Other hazards which do not result in classification Other hazards not contributing to the classification : None. The use of personal protective equipment is essential. 1161 Oak Valley Dr. Physical: No information available. Acute oral exposure may cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus and stomach. Suite 300 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment - see Section 8. May be harmful if swallowed (H303). Hydrochloric Acid, 37% w/w (7647-01-0) EC50 Daphnia 1 < 56 mg/l (72 h, Daphnia magna, Pure substance) 12.2. These hydrochloric acid safety tips can help you handle this toxic substance safely and appropriately, whether you encounter it at home or in the workplace. This is only one of many applications the acid can be used for. If the acid or mist come into contact with the skin, eyes, or internal organs, the damage can be irreversible or even fatal in severe cases. H1758, Hydrochloric acid? Be aware of the dangers of hydrochloric acid when handling. Learn more about Hydrochloric Safety from the MSDS Experts. However, you may be surprised to learn that hydrochloric acid is a common liquid used in several industries around the world. Ingredient Comments Data relates to hydrogen chloride gas EH40/2005 Workplace exposure limits (UK Health and Safety Executive) DNEL Inhalation. Industrial exposure to hydrochloric acid vapors and mists is listed as a … All rights reserved. In case of serious skin contact, use water, a disinfectant soap, and anti-bacterial cream. In more extreme cases of inhalation, it can result in circulatory failure, pulmonary edema or death. The molar mass being 36.46 g/mol, compound has a density of 1.18 g/cm3. Whether you encounter hydrochloric acid in diluted household cleaners at home or in concentrated forms at your workplace, safety is extremely important when handling this toxic, corrosive liquid. Short Term 15 mg/m3 Inhalation. Hydrochloric acid (conc. It is important to wear personal protective equipment such as acid-proof gloves, protective eye goggles, chemical-resistant clothing and shoes so as to minimise risk of harm. Reacts with most metals to produce flammable Hydrogen gas. Exposure via oral consumption can cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus, and stomach, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. The HCl in the atmosphere may be a much bigger driver of pollution and damage to the environment than previously thought, effecting water and land ecosystems alike. Safety Data Sheet 1. Occupational Exposure Limits: Regulatory Limits: Component OSHA Final PEL TWA OSHA Final PEL STEL OSHA Final PEL Ceiling Hydrochloric Acid Mixture --- --- 5 ppm 7.59 mg/m 3. Molecular Weight 36.46 . 1. Hydrochloric acid (25% - 38%) Name STD TWA - 8 Hrs STEL - 15 Min Notes Hydrochloric acid (25% - 38%) WEL 1 ppm 2 mg/m3 5 ppm 8 mg/m3 WEL = Workplace Exposure Limit. Not intended for human or animal diagnostic or Hydrochloric acid's fumes have an acid, penetrating odour. It is still important to wear protective clothing when using diluted acid, to ensure that it doesn’t come into contact with your skin, eyes, or mouth. Oakville, ON L6J 3J3 Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula HCl. Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. What is the molarity or molar concentration of Product No. Fire fighters to wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus if risk of exposure to produ ct or toxic fumes.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Clear … Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) HCl . IUPAC names 1 . In some cases, RADS may develop. Hydrochloric Acid, 6.0N (6.0M) Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Hydrochloric acid sounds like a scary substance and, in fact, it can be. Hydrochloric acid also applies to Hydrogen chloride gas Substance Hazard Comment Hydrogen chloride . Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Hydrochloric acid is a clear, poisonous, highly corrosive caustic chemical which immediately causes severe damage to tissues, such as burning, on contact. Long pants and sleeves 5. Depending on the concentration of the hydrochloric acid you are working with, accidental exposure can occur as skin contact, eye contact, ingestion or inhalation of acidic vapors. Hydrochloric acid is the simplest chlorine-based acid system containing water. Hydrochloric acid should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from sources of moisture. Based on an approximate density of 1.2 g/ml and a percentage range of 36.5 - 38.0%, concentrated HCl is in the range 11.6-12.0 M (which is also 11.6-12.0 Normal, for this monoprotic acid). Hydrochloric acid is corrosive to eyes, skin and mucous membranes. The use of personal protective equipment is essential. Unknown acute toxicity (GHS US) Not applicable Upon transport through the soil, hydrochloric acid will dissolve some of the soil materials (especially those with carbonate bases) and the acid will neutralize to some degree. Skin Contact – If hydrochloric acid comes into contact with your skin, flush immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, and remove any contaminated clothing. Gloves: Thin disposable gloves (such as 4, 6, or 8 mil blue nitrile gloves) used in laboratory operations provide a contact barrier only and should be disposed immediately when contamination is suspected. : 7647-01-0 1.2 Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion (solution), skin and/or eye contact For a 15-minute exposure, the concentration in the atmosphere should not exceed 8 … IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER Product Name: HYDROCHLORIC ACID - 20% OR GREATER Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use: Precursor for generation of chlorine dioxide gas used in water treatment. Thicker (10-20 mil) PVC or neoprene gloves provide better resistance but do not provide the necessary dexterity for many lab procedures. Hydrochloric acid is a hazardous liquid which must be used with care. Seek immediate medical attention. Unlimited SDS Searches, 5 FREE Downloads, No Credit Card, COVID-19 Workplace Standards Update: State OSHA Agencies Continue Development of Regulations to Protect Workers, OSHA Is Issuing Large Fines to Companies for COVID-19 Related Violations, VelocityEHS Offers HazCom & Chemical Safety Support for Emergency Responders, Businesses and Others Affected by Hurricane Delta, Producing organic compounds (for PVC, activated carbon, ascorbic acid, and pharmaceuticals). Hydrochloric acid is used for: Hydrochloric acid is a hazardous liquid which must be used with care. It is a highly corrosive, strong mineral acid with many industrial uses Revision date: 17/12/2019 Revision: 5 Supersedes date: 20/10/2017 HYDROCHLORIC ACID 2M 2.3. 6. Goggles 2. Toll free: 1.888.362.2007, VelocityEHS | Humantech It is classified as strongly acidic and can attack the skin over a wide composition range, since the hydrogen chloride completely dissociates in an aqueous solution. Closed toe shoes 6. If using hydrochloric acid household cleaners in your home, follow the label directions and safety instructions closely. Seek immediate medical attention. Ingestion: Corrosive. Hydrochloric Acid (Hydrogen Chloride) 7647-01-0 Hazard Summary-Created in April 1992; Revised in January 2000 Hydrochloric acid has many uses. It is used in the production of chlorides, fertilizers, and dyes, in electroplating, and in the photographic, textile, and rubber industries. A toxic chlorine gas can also be produced when mixing hydrochloric acid with common oxidising chemicals, such as bleach (sodium hypochlorite). Hydrochloric acid is rated and regulated as a toxic substance. (It is usually recommended that you first dilute the cleaner to reduce its concentration.) Hydrochloric Acid . Chronic long-term occupational exposure to hydrochloric acid has been reported to cause gast… For educational use only. Other hazards This product does not contain any substances classified as PBT or vPvB. Each of these types of exposure can pose serious hazards to your health and should be managed immediately. 77, No. It is toxic if breathed in. May cause damage to mucous membranes in nose, throat, lungs and bronchial system. Toll free: 1.866.919.7922. Approximately 20 million tons of hydrochloric acid are produced globally each year, and you can even find it in your own home! 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 10/31/2017 EN (English US) 2/8 2.3. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. hydrochloric acid produces spontaneously flammable gas. Safety is of utmost importance when handling dangerous chemicals like hydrochloric acid. Eye Contact – If hydrochloric acid or acidic mists get into your eyes, immediately flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. It can cause damage, such as chemical burns, upon contact, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. It can be purchased in any hardware store without being warned about the dangers of this chemical. Hydrochloric acid is a colorless to light yellow water-soluble liquid with a pungent, irritating odor. Hydrochloric acid in the Environment: Hydrochloric acid is released in to the atmosphere, mainly through coal burning. Persistence and degradability Hydrochloric Acid, 1.0N (1.0M) Persistence and degradability Not established. VelocityEHS®, MSDSonline® and Humantech® are proprietary trademarks of VelocityEHS. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates hydrochloric acid as a toxic substance, and it should be treated as such. It is soluble in benzene, alcohol, and ether; it is insoluble in hydrocarbons, and incompatible or reactive with metals, hydroxides, amines, and alkalis. EH&S Blog Chemical Spotlight Hydrochloric Acid Hazards & Safety Tips, 222 Merchandise Mart Plaza The acid … ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES Personal protection Avoid inhalation of vapours and spray mist and contact with skin and eyes. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that hydrochloric acid can cause eye damage, even blindness, if splashed in the eyes. Contact with metals produces hydrogen gas, which creates the chance of an explosion. Hydrochloric acid is a colourless compressed liquified gas, with pungent odour (NIOSH, 2015). Keep container tightly closed and store in a safe place. SDS- 0.1 M Hydrochloric Acid Page 8 of 8 SARA 313 Components SARA 313: This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313. Hydrochloric acid is a colourless and odourless solution of hydrogen chloride and water; with chemical formula HCl. 320331 - Hydrochloric acid EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1098214 . ACGIH TLV = 5 ppm (7.59 mg/m 3) TWA NIOSH IDLH = 50 ppm (as HCl, 2010) Exposure Controls: Eye Protection: Tightly fitting safety goggles. It is a solution of hydrogen chloride and water, and a variety of other chemical species, including hydron Hydroxides, amines, alkalis, copper, brass, zinc [Note: Hydrochloric acid is highly corrosive to most metals.] It produces poisonous gas, including chlorine, in a fire. Ann Arbor, MI 48108 Hydrochloric acid will decompose on heating into hydrogen and chl orine gas. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates hydrochlori… Produced as early as the 16th century, hydrochloric acid was historically known as “spirits of salt” and is sometimes called muriatic acid. This site requires Javascript to be enabled for full functionality. Other: No information available. It is used to regulate water pH in pools. Hydrochloric acid fumes are very corrosive and may lead to lung damage 1. Safety is of utmost importance when handling dangerous chemicals like hydrochloric acid. Hydrochloric acid. Cesium carbide ignites in contact with hydrochloric acid unless acid is dilute. DANGER. SARA 311/312Hazards No SARA Hazards. Dangers of hydrochloric acid through exposure Exposure via oral consumption can cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus, and stomach, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. You may be exposed to hydrochloric acid by drinking it, or by skin or eye contact with it. Hydrochloric acid is one of the most corrosive of the non-oxidising acids in contact with copper alloys, and is handled in dilute solutions. Inhalation – If you inhale hydrochloric acid vapors or mists, seek fresh air and medical attention immediately. It also causes nose, throat and respiratory inflammation. 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Is rated and regulated as a toxic chlorine gas can also be produced when hydrochloric... To produce flammable Hydrogen gas, which creates the chance of an Explosion substance!, lungs and bronchial system with most metals to produce flammable Hydrogen gas, which creates chance. Of moisture hardware store without being warned about the dangers of this chemical forms release acidic mists that are dangerous! Your own home without being warned about the dangers of hydrochloric acid a. Vapours and spray mist and contact with copper alloys, and you can even it! As PBT or vPvB ( 1.0M ) Persistence and degradability Biodegradability: not may. Nose, throat and respiratory inflammation chemical burns, ulceration and scarring concentration... Does not contain any substances classified as PBT or vPvB ) 7647-01-0 Hazard in... Pungent, irritating odor 1992 ; Revised in January 2000 hydrochloric acid Email this PAGE to a.!